Owning a pet comes with great responsible one of which is health concerns, especially eye health. Unlike humans who can talk and tell you when there is something wrong with their eyes, animals can’t do this. Most eye problems in pets go unnoticed until it is too late. It is important to keep a keen eye on your pet’s eye health so as to deal with any eye problems as they arise.
Eye ailments in pets include eye infections, glaucoma, cataracts and eye injuries. Some of the signs and symptoms of eye problems in pets that you can look out for as a pet owner are bumping into things especially at night, squinting frequently, redness of the eye or gunky discharges. If you notice any of these, take your pet to the veterinarian immediately.
Vets are accustomed to visits and appointments related to the eye because one in ten trips to the vet is related to eye problems. An eye checkup for any pet involves thoroughly examining a pet’s eyes together with tissues surrounding the eyes. The nature of the problem determines the eye tests to be conducted.
To determine vision, the vet will look at the pet’s movements within the examination room or watching for eye movement when an object is tossed close to the eyes. A menace exam involves moving a finger towards the eye without poking it to see if the animal will show irritation. To determine if all is well with the retina, a pupillary light reflex test is conducted. The Schirmer tear test is carried out to determine if the pet’s eye is producing enough tears for the lubrication of the eyes. The fluorescein stain test is used to establish if there are any scratches to the eyes. The wounded areas will pick up the stain. Glaucoma is as a result of high pressure within the eyes. The condition is very painful and may be due to conditions such as diabetes.
Regular health checkups always help vets pick up any problems before the condition worsens. In the event that there is a problem, eyedrop medication may be recommended, or the animal may have to undergo surgery, just as in humans.