GMO Lawsuits Are Making the News

Mikal Watts is leading a team of legal professionals in a class act lawsuit against Syngenta, who is accused of selling US farmers tainted and genetically-modified corn.

It is estimated that over 20 percent of corn is produced in the United States. In turn, it is exported internationally. Upon receiving tainted corn from Syngenta, recipients closed their ports, which caused a spiraling effect of lose wages for US farmers nationwide. Watts primary focus is to help recover financial damages felt by hundreds of thousands farmers nationwide.

Mr. Watts was born in Corpus Christi, Texas. San Antonio Magazine told that after receiving an undergraduate degree in 1987 from the University of Texas in only two short years, he went on to graduate from the University of Texas Law School in 1989 at 21 years old. Immediately afterwards, he began a successful career in law as a briefing attorney in the Supreme Court of Texas under Hon. Thomas R. Phillips.

In 1990, he was taken on as an associate at the law firm of David L. Perry & Associates in Corpus Christi, Texas, where after only one year, he became partners in the law firm of Perry & Hass, L.L.P. After four extraordinarily successful years, Watts created his own law firm, Harris & Watts. Since then, Mr. Watts has continued his lucrative career in law, and has expanded his practice to 29 offices with over 100 employees.

Ophthalmologists Do Not Recommend Shaving Your Eyelids

American ophthalmologists set the record straight on what should probably have been fairly self-evident to begin with.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology has released a statement warning people against shaving the inside of their eyelids. Though a practice in traditional Chinese medicine, it recently saw a resurgence in popularity after street barber Xiong Gaowu was recorded performing this on a consenting customer.

While it is important to keep your eyelids clean, as blockages in the tiny pores located on them can cause dry eyes and vision problems, doctors stress that scraping them with a straight razor is not the recommended or ideal way to do this. “…in the street with a non-eyecare professional is not something we recommend,” said the Academy’s clinical spokesperson Anat Galor, MD.

Having your eyelids shaved like this can lead to a whole host of problems, first and foremost being the risk of being cut. If this were to happen, aside from the obvious issue of having a bleeding wound over your eye, any injury on the eyelid could be in serious risk of infection, either from un-sterilized razors or from bacteria brought from other sources. Additionally, the risk of injuring the eye itself is quite high during this procedure.

If your eyes feel too dry and you’re concerned about the cleanliness of your lids, Dr. Galor has a few simple recommendations. Wash your eyelids with warm water and baby shampoo and rest with a warm compress across your eyes. As always, if you suspect there to be a major medical problem or can’t find satisfactory results at home, it’s always a good idea to contact a doctor or other eye-care professional as soon as possible.

Scientists Engineer Beetle With Third Eye

While mice and other common lab subjects aren’t direct analogues for humans, many vital discoveries have been made through animal testing. Beyond pharmaceuticals and behavioral analysis, this has surprisingly extended into the world of genetic engineering. In 1997, scientists shocked the world by successfully growing a cartilage composed ear-like structure on the back of a mouse, first demonstrating the possibility of lab-grown transplants for human patients. While the ear wasn’t functional, a recent study from an American university has demonstrated the possibility engineering even more complex and fully working transplants for humans.

Armin Moczek, a biology professor, together with research associate Eduardo Zattara, study the roles genes play in the development of horns on species of beetles at Indiana University. During their research, Moczek and Zattara were shocked to discover what appeared to be a third eye growing in the middle of the head of one of their subjects. Over the course of four years, the scientists manipulated the genetic makeup of other test subjects by injecting them with RNA, a molecule which is responsible for gene expression, to create a strain of beetle with the third eye. In order to establish the eye’s functionality, they further engineered beetles who lacked their normal eyes and only possessed the third. After experiments with lights to determine if the third eye was functional, the scientists found that, while reaction to visual stimuli was slower, the eye did, in fact, see.

While an amazing discovery on its own, Moczek and Zattara argue the real value of the discovery is its potential for growing eye transplants and other organs. Zattara said the study will give the team a better understanding of how eyes develop which, in turn, could enable scientists to one day grow artificial eyes for human patients. Beetle are merely a starting point, as he indicated the next step is to test the phenomenon on other species. Furthermore, it is possible the research could lead to the growth of other artificial organs.

Retinal Scans May Help Diagnose Dementia

A new study by a team of scientists at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has shown that early signs of Alzheimer’s could be detected by a noninvasive retinal scan. Led by Dr. Maya Koronyo-Hamaoui and Dr. Yosef Koronyo, the study demonstrates that a simple retinal scan can identify Alzheimer’s patients, who are are more likely to develop brownish amyloid plaques, or deposits of toxic protein, on their retinas. Doctors are currently able to identify amyloid plaques through PET scans and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, but these methods are time-consuming and expensive.

Using new technology created by biotechnology company NeuroVision, the scientists on the research team have found that Alzheimer’s could be detected with a retinal scan 10 to 20 years before the onset of severe symptoms. The technology uses a combination of autofluorescence imaging and a high-tech ocular camera to create an image of the retina. The scans are then processed on special imaging software to isolate the distinctive brown spots of amyloid plaques. The study also found that the buildup of amyloid plaques in the retina corresponded with a similar buildup in the brain. Due to its close connection with the brain, the retina can serve as a valuable early warning indicator of Alzheimer’s. The team’s scanning technology is not currently available commercially, but they hope that one day their new method will be used to screen and diagnose patients with Alzheimer’s before other symptoms begin to appear.

Earlier this year, a study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine showed that noninvasive retinal scans may also help detect the cognitive disorder frontotemporal dementia. Study participants with frontotemporal dementia exhibited a thinning of their outer retinal layers. The study identified increased thinning in the external nuclear layer and the external filamentous zone of the retina. Scientists were able to detect this thinning by using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), a noncontact imaging technique. Unlike other tests commonly used to diagnose cognitive disorder frontotemporal dementia, SD-OCT scans are quick and cost-effective.

How To Protect Your Eye Health

Diabetes can have a number of negative effects on your health. It can even damage your eyes. People who have diabetes are more likely to go blind. Fortunately, there are ways that you can protect your vision if you are a diabetic.

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common eye complications. This is a condition where the blood vessels around the retina leak and swell. It can also cause abnormal blood vessels to grow on the retina. One of the best things that you can if you are a diabetic is to get eye exams on a regular basis.

Your eye doctor can recognize the signs of diabetic retinopathy early so that it can be treated properly. Even if you do not have diabetic retinopathy, your vision can still be damaged by diabetes. Blood sugar fluctuations can alter the lens of the eye and cause blurry vision. Your vision may return to normal once your blood sugar stabilizes.

Diabetes can also cause cataracts. Surgery may be required in order to remove the cataracts. The lens may also need to be replaced.

You will need to keep your blood sugar under control. This is one of the best things that you can do in order to protect your vision. You will also need to keep your blood pressure under control. Additionally, you will need to avoid the use of tobacco.

See your eye doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following.

• Reading problems
• Blurry vision
• Eye pain
• Eye pressure
• Eye redness
• Double vision
• Spots in your eyesight

4 Eye Conditions Caused by Alcohol Consumption

It is well documented in the medical field that excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for over 60 medical conditions, including eye disorders.

Just how badly can too much alcohol damage the eyes? Eye disorders caused by too much drinking vary from short-term red eyes too long-term complications of a more serious nature such as macular degeneration, cataracts, and full-blown blindness.
http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/how-drinking-too-much-alcohol-could-damage-your-eyesight_uk_5a0989f5e4b0e37d2f38c904

Safe Zone

How much is too much, at least when it comes to eye health?

Health experts agree that 14 units or less of alcohol per week is safe, any more and the risk of eye damage increases exponentially.

While damage to the eyes may take some time to appear, statistics unfailingly prove that exceeding the recommended amount of alcohol per week almost always leads to some form of eye problem.

The likelihood that eye damage will occur in later years is increased since metabolism tends to slow down at this time and the body is not able to eliminate toxins and free radicals like it used to. Too much free radicals in the body are extremely dangerous to the eyes and can cause a host of optical impairments.

Dry Eyes

In most cases, dry eyes are short-lived and can be corrected by getting enough sleep after a night of heavy drinking. However, when drinking becomes a constant habit, dry eyes also become a constant companion for the drinker.

Constant dry eyes can cause major damage to the tear ducts and glands, which require more complicated forms of treatment in order to lessen their damaging effects that ultimately could lead to permanent visual impairment.

Optical Nerve Damage

If you have ever drunk past your limit, you know what it is like to have blurred vision, and while this symptom is a temporary phenomenon leaving the drinker once they have slept it off, this short-term vision loss has been responsible for serious accidents to both the drinker and innocent bystanders alike.

Constantly experiencing this “beer google” phenomenon can lead to permanent optical nerve damage say, optical specialists, the likes of which can make those temporary goggles permanent in nature.

Again, the damage to the optical nerves is caused by too much free radical damage, which is a standard occurrence of too much drinking.

Macular Degeneration

This eye disease is the number one cause of blindness among senior citizens across the globe. It is characterized by vision loss within the macula, the central area of vision within the retina.

It is most commonly caused by aging, but it has been shown that excessive drinking can contribute and enhance this condition to the point of blindness.

Those who are already experiencing macular degeneration in its early to middle stages are advised to avoid alcohol altogether. In fact, optical experts suggest that anyone over the age of 50 should severely limit their drinking as alcohol will definitely cause damage to an aging macula.

Cataracts

Another eye disorder that too much alcohol can promote and enhance is cataracts, an eye condition where the lens of the eye becomes opaque resulting in blurry vision.

Once again, free radical damage brought on by excessive drinking is the culprit when it comes to alcohol-related cataracts. Even though the condition can be treated by replacing the lens through surgery, the procedure costs money and as with any invasive treatment, permanent damage can occur.

If you are a heavy drinker and feel that you suffer from any of the above symptoms, contact your eye specialist immediately. If you do not suffer from any of the above symptoms but drink on a consistent basis, you should still have your eyes checked routinely to make sure that none of these disorders are beginning to manifest themselves within your eyes.

Homeless Eye Health Alliance Launched

Vision Care for Homeless People has started the Homeless Eye Health Alliance. This is a program that is designed to provide eye care to the less fortunate. The charity’s goal is to provide eye care to 40 percent of the homeless population by the year 2020. It is estimated that 31 percent of the homeless population is currently being served by Vision Care for Homeless People.

Elaine Styles is the head of the charity. She stated that the homeless population in the United Kingdom is growing. She stated that they want to do everything that they can in order to make sure that the vulnerable have their needs taken care of. They will be opening more mobile clinics and regional centers in 2018.

Elaine stated that any business that wants to sponsor a mobile clinic, should reach out to him. Ben Miles is a patron of Vision Care for Homeless. He recently helped host a launch event. The event was held on November 23 at the London’s Landsome Club.The dinner was sponsored by Dame Mary Pervins. She is the co-founder of Specsavers. The attendees were able to raise £4000 for the event.

Studies have shown that homeless people are more likely to have eye problems than the general population. They are also more likely to have general health problems due to things like drug abuse, infections, trauma and smoking. Homeless people are three times more likely to have macular degeneration. Health problems like hypertension and diabetes can lead to eye problems. They can also cause blindness.

Vision Care for Homeless People hopes that they will be able to help more homeless people save their eyesight.

How Gene Therapy Treats Inherited Retinal Diseases

The U.S Food and Drug Administration in October 2017 revealed their plans to recommend gene therapy as a way to treat inherited retinal diseases. These diseases usually cause a gradual loss of sight that eventually leads to total blindness.

 

 

What are Inherited Retinal Diseases (IRDs)?

 

 

Inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) are rare eye problems that are caused by mutations that occur in the RPE65 gene. These types of gene mutations are hereditary and responsible for specific conditions that include Leber’s congenital amaurosis and some forms of retinitis pigmentosa. Gene therapy can be used to treat these eye disorders.

 

 

How gene therapy can treat inherited retinal diseases

 

 

People suffering from various types of inherited retinal diseases either have genes that don’t work, or are missing. Gene therapy can be used to treat these diseases by adding new genes to their cells to replace the missing or dysfunctional ones.

 

 

Usually, they use a specific prepared virus that introduces its own different genetic materials into the victim’s cells. If it is successful, the patient might be able to regain their vision.

 

 

Inherited Retinal Diseases are many. Here are some of the most common ones.

 

 

Retinitis Pigmentosa

 

 

This type of eye disorder is caused by the deterioration of the light-sensing retina cells. These are the cone and rod photoreceptors. Usually, the first symptom is early night blindness that is later followed by loss of peripheral vision as well as central vision. It eventually leads to total blindness.

 

 

Juvenile Macular Degeneration (JMD)

 

 

This disorder occurs when the macula degenerates. It is a childhood problem that develops when the victim is in their childhood years. The most popular type of JMD is known as the Stargardt disease.

 

 

Other types of inherited retinal diseases are Choroideremia, Cone-Rod Dystrophy, and Leber Congenital Amaurosis.

 

 

With the application of gene therapy, patients with different types of inherited retinal diseases can be able to regain their vision. This is done by the introduction new genes into their cells. This procedure is a good treatment option for these incurable eye disorders.

 

Financial freedom through investment, Paul Mampilly.

Financial Freedom is something every human being envies. What has been the stumbling block has been how to get to financial freedom that we are talking about. Financial freedom can rarely be achieved through employment. Financial freedom can only be achieved by one having a good flow income from investments that make sense. Investments are important but investing in the right sector is the big problem. Why invest in sector A and not sector B? This is a question that one should ask before making an investment decision. Investment should be driven by knowledge about what will cause the expected rewards. It is not something that you do blindly. It will be a risk for one attempting such a thing. Investments should be done with great concern and seriousness. One should not look to invest in a sector that they do not recognize. No one should risk their money in a thing that they have no clue about.

When making an investment decision, there a number of factors that should be looked at. How is the sector that one is about to invest likely to perform in the future? Most investments are about long-term. You have to wait for a long time sometime before the full reward is realized. In such a case you need to ask whether the sector you are about to invest in will around for a long time. Is it nearing its optimum capabilities? Most sectors that are at their optimum stages will likely not survive for a number of years to come. These are sectors that are likely to be hit by new innovations as people get tired of the old stuff.

Investment is, therefore, something that needs to be looked at from a number of angles. This will ensure that the invested capital is safe and that the investor will stand to gain and not lose from the investment.

About Paul Mampilly

Paul Mampilly is a leading figure in the country. He has been in the investment sector for a long time. His knowledge about investment is unrivaled. He is one of the people who offer valuable information regarding investment. He is a senior editor at Banyan Hill Publishing. This is a firm that deals with publishing informational material about investments.

Paul Mampilly has been a stock investor in the country and has also been a hedge fund manager in the country. He is a determined investor who is ready to help people with information about the investment.

For details: twitter.com/Paul_M_Guru

Recent News Article About Eye Health/ Innovations

Failure is the mother of all success; Google has faced major setbacks in trying to launch a social network to rival Facebook. But none the less that did not deter Google from achieving their set goals. It seems Google has something to show for all their hard work.

 

 

In an interview by the Congress Google, Facebook and Twitter found themselves on the hot seat regarding the influence and role social media played in the 2016 Russian disinformation campaign. Kent walker Google’s representative asked the Congress to differentiate the search giant from social networks claiming that Google is not a Social Network.

 

 

The public court has not been lenient on the Tech companies, critics of the said social networks also consider the tech companies to be unmindful due to their power and status in society. The hearing between the trio and the Congress has also shed a bad light on the tech companies in regard to the Russian involvement in the 2016 election.

 

 

The companies seemed surprised that hostile intelligent service can misuse their platforms in such a manner. Tim’s cook Apples chief executive expressed his shock in the fact that soon social platforms are going to be weaponized against its user’s. More information can be accessed on;

 

 

Following a recent interview with NBC news cook expressed his concern on the negative use of social platforms; the social sites were being used to divide people, manipulate them and in the creation of fake news. Mr. Bayer an esteemed professor of Ohio University; focuses on social networks finds it disturbing that tech companies are trying to minimize the amount of influence they have on society. Mr. Bayer sees this as a telling sign of the times we are in as a society.

 

 

Jan Dawson an analyst at the Technology states that regardless of the light that has been shed on social networks; they still remain a force to be reckoned with.

 

Scientists Testing Gene Therapy as a Retinal Disease Cure

The American Academy of Ophthalmology reports on a new form of FDA-recommended treatment being researched relating to hereditary blinding retinal disease, and how they might finally be cured through the use of gene therapy.

These treatments would target mutations in the RPE65 gene which has been known to cause early onset blindness in those affected from Leber’s congenital amaurosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and other conditions. Using laboratory-manufactured genes, they would be introduced into a patient (sometimes by a special kind of virus) to replace defective or missing genes causing a retinal disease.

Eyes are an especially good organ to test gene therapy with, as they are both easy to access and “immune-privileged”. This means that, because of an eye’s unique location on the body, it is far less likely to reject new cells implanted into it than with other types of transplants, such as with a kidney or liver.

So far, tests have been fairly positive. 65% of subjects administered LUXTURNA (voretigene neparvovec) showed vision improvements enough to be considered significant, gaining the ability to navigate a maze in low to medium lighting conditions, as well as gaining a better sense for light overall and improved peripheral vision. Additionally, the control group found that none of the individuals who did not receive the gene therapy treatment did not gain any of these benefits, nor could they navigate the maze. 89% of those who received treatment after the conclusion of the experiment, however, did begin to see improvements in their vision.

As of two years since the study was conducted, all the patients that saw improvements have kept those improvements. Researchers do not know if this will change at some point, though, or when this change could possibly happen. Even so, the initial results are striking enough to offer a substantial hope to those at risk for inherited retinal diseases, and may open the door for possible treatment options in the future for more rare diseases, too.